Lead-Based Paint Inspection

Lead Paint inspectionLead is a toxic metal. In the past, it was used in household products until it was recognized as a potential health hazard. Since the 1980’s, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other state organizations have worked to ban or reduce lead use in consumer household products.

Homes, apartments, and commercial buildings built before 1978 may contain lead or lead dust. The primary sources of lead include:

  1. old paint on walls, window sills, trim, and other home surfaces
  2. tap water exposed to lead plumbing products (i.e., old lead pipes, solder)
  3. soil contaminated by paint chips from sanding and prepping the home’s exterior
  4. soil contaminated by past exposure to gasoline, which contained lead until 1978
  5. air pollution resulting from nearby industrial areas Lead is dangerous if it is swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed by the skin. Children have the highest risk of poisoning from lead exposure. And, pregnant women can pass lead toxicity to an unborn child.

Lead has also been found to be harmful to adults. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), lead can cause these health effects:


  • brain and nervous system damage
  • behavioral problems
  • learning problems
  • slowed growth
  • hearing problems
  • headache


  • reproductive problems in men and women
  • pregnancy difficulties
  • high blood pressure
  • digestive problems
  • nerve disorders
  • memory and concentration problems
  • muscle and joint pain

A lead based paint inspection is designed to answer two questions: “Is there lead-based paint present in the housing unit?” and “Where is the lead-based paint?” Surveying a housing unit for lead-based paint is typically performed using an X-Ray Fluorescence analyzer, called an XRF. Paint or other coatings with lead levels above established thresholds are considered lead-based.

A lead paint inspection is most appropriate for property owners who need to know where lead-based paint is located, such as in the following situations:

  1. People considering renovation, remodeling or demolition work that would disturb painted surfaces and may generate lead dust hazards unless proper precautions are followed.
  2. Home sellers desiring specific information about lead for marketing purposes.
  3. Home buyers or renters who want to know how much lead paint is present and its location (or who feel strongly that they want a home that contains no lead-based paint).
  4. Rental property owners seeking exemption from the federal lead disclosure requirements by demonstrating that a specific property does not contain lead-based paint.
  5. Rental property owners who might need or desire documentation about lead-based paint for insurance, financing, or other reasons.
  6. Those facing a state or local requirement to abate all lead-based paint.
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Contact SPY Inspection Services today to schedule your Lead-Based Paint Inspection. We look forward to exceeding your expectations.


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